Study Cross Cultural Music Flash Cards

 
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Cross Cultural Music

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Main categories of instruments in gamelan
knobbed-gong insruments
metal-keyed instruments
other melodic instruments
drums
rebab
2 stringed fiddle in gamelan
suling
bamboo flute in gamelan
siter
small zither (chordophone) in Indonesian music
gambang
wooden-keyed instrument in gamelan
ie, wooden xylophone
saron
metal-keyed instrument in gamelan ensembles (ie, xylophone)
pelog
7-tone scale system in Indonesia
slendro
5-tone scale system in Indonesia
almost equidistant intervals
wayang kulit
Indonesian shadow puppetry
gambang-kromong
Indonesian small percussion ensemble
wayang orang
Indonesian dance drama
gamelan
stable set of Indonesian percussion instruments made of bronze
Yehudi Menuhin
famous violinist that worked with Carnatic artists
Ravi Shankar
sitar virtuoso, Carnatic tradition
trained in dance in Paris
spread Carnatic music around world
taught George Harrison of the Beatles
Alla Rakha
tabla virtuoso, Carnatic tradition
worked with Ravi Shankar
Zakir Hussain
tabla virtuoso, Carnatic tradition
worked extensively with American & European jazz & rock musicians
ghatam
clay pot instrument in Carnatic music
sollukattu
solfege for rhythms in Carnatic music
melakarta
mother scale of raga
raga
all-encompassing, colorful melodic system
veena
Carnatic stringed instrument
morsang
Jew's harp, in Carnatic music
kanjira
Carnatic tambourine
mridingam
membranophone in Carnatic music
principal, often only percussion instrument
sruti-box
aerophone that produces a drone in Carnatic music
tambura
plucked instrument that carries the drone in Carnatic music
drone
constant tone (of world creation)
svara
Indian concept of pitch as being unstable
tala
Carnatic rhythm cycle of varying lengths
kriti
devotional song
primary song form of Carnatic tradition
cine songs
Indian popular music, derived from movies
Carnatic
music tradition of southern India
Hindu tradition
vocal, devotional songs
oral tradition, verbal transmission
Hindustani
music tradition of northern India
Islamic tradition
instrumental
tabla
most important percussion instrument in Hindustani tradition
basy
3-stringed cello-size instrument in musyka podhale
fujarka
wooden flute in musyka podhala
kapela
string ensemble in musyka podhala
nuta
melodic idea in musyka podhala (Gorale music, from southern Poland)
musyka Podhala
from Tatra region of Poland
Gorale (mountain) ethnic group
for listening or dancing
klezmer
Jewish instrumental ensemble
ruchenitsa
Bulgarian wedding dance
European style features
square structures
repetitive rhythms
Yuri Yunakov's instrument
saxophone
Ivo Papazov's instrument
clarinet
polyrhythm
several rhythms simultaneously with shifting downbeat
hosho
gourd rattle from Shona people
provides rhythm
kora
harp in Mande music system.
chimurenga
contemporary mbira music
jali (jalolu)
the tradition of Mande epic music
griot
expert of Lambango, Mande epic music tradition
membranophone
drum, sound from resonating membrane
chordophone
string instrument
aerophone
wind instrument
idiophone
drum, sound from body of instrument (ie, mbira)
homophony
melody + accomp
polyphony
3+ melodies
heterophony
2 melodies
monophony
1 melody alone
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