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Representatives of the mass media frequently defend the importance of freedom of the press, even if it comes at the expense of order. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:17:05 GMT view revision history
It is quite possible that campaign coverage is affected by a(n) _______ among journalists anti-incumbent bias. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:17:05 GMT view revision history
In a study of presidentail elections from 1988 to 2004, it was discovered that Democratic candidates typically got more good press than Republican candidates. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:17:05 GMT view revision history
Available evidence seems to indicate that there are ______ among journalists and reporters. liberal leanings. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:17:05 GMT view revision history
The text notes taht the tendency of television networks to report bad economic news can have an incumbent president. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:15:23 GMT view revision history
Research suggests that__________ might be the poorest source of political news and information. television news 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:15:23 GMT view revision history
Until the early 1960s , most Americans cited _________ as the source from which they got most of their news. newspapers. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:15:23 GMT view revision history
A media event is a situation that it too newsworthy for the media to ignore. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:15:23 GMT view revision history
Content analysis of network news suggests that most coverage focuses on the president 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:13:59 GMT view revision history
Most journalists tend to think highly of the Internet because it "A and D" can be an excellent research tool, can deliver news quickly. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:13:59 GMT view revision history
The media executives, news editors, and prominent reporters who decide which events to report and how to report them are known as gatekeepers. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:13:59 GMT view revision history
The term ________ refers to the tendency of journalists to adopt similar views points toward news simply because they hang around together. pack journalism 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:13:59 GMT view revision history
Officials sent out ______ when they intentionally leak news to gauge the reaction of the publc or other political leaders. trial balloons 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:12:02 GMT view revision history
Most news printed about Congress comes from congressional press releases an dprepared reports. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:12:02 GMT view revision history
If you wish to find the largest concentration of reporters in the world, you should go to Washington D.C. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:12:02 GMT view revision history
The reasonable access rule required broadcasters to make facilities available to all responsible parties in a community wishing to express conflicting views on issues. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:12:02 GMT view revision history
The equal opportunities rule did NOT allow a TV station to accept advertising only form the owner's favorte candidates. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:10:19 GMT view revision history
The _______ Amendment prohibits Congress form abridging freedom of the press. First 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:10:19 GMT view revision history
Among the types of bureaucratic entities, the FCC is an example of a(n) independent regulatroy commission. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:10:19 GMT view revision history
The members of the Federal Communications Commission are appointed by the president. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:10:19 GMT view revision history
Which of the following stories is MOST likely to make the telvised evening news in the U.S.? A murder in the city from which the broadcase originates. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:08:25 GMT view revision history
About 60 percent of all front-page newspaper stories deal with government and politics. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:08:25 GMT view revision history
Compared with national television news programs, local television news programs report less about government and politics. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:08:25 GMT view revision history
CBS News regularly features stores on health-related issues and prescription drugs because it has the oldest viewing audience among all network television news programs. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:08:25 GMT view revision history
The average American spends _______ a day watching television. 4 hours. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:06:38 GMT view revision history
Private ownership of the media in the U.S. makes the American news industry dependent on advertising revenues. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:06:38 GMT view revision history
The Internet was started In 1969, with support from the U.S. Department of Defense. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:06:38 GMT view revision history
The first coast-to-coast television broadcast featured which of the following presidents? Harry Truman 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:06:38 GMT view revision history
Criticism of talk radio centers on its airing of extreme views, which tend to polarize politics. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:05:07 GMT view revision history
The largest circulation for a dail newspaper is claimed by USA Today 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:05:07 GMT view revision history
The first newspapers in the U.S. were partisan political organs. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:05:07 GMT view revision history
The development of the news media in the U.S. has been shaped by "all of these" technological innovation, trends in entertainment, political attitudes toward the scope of government. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:05:07 GMT view revision history
In a deomocracy, the mass media perofrm the function of promoting communication between government and citizens 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:03:08 GMT view revision history
Broadcast media include radio and television. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:03:08 GMT view revision history
It appears that 24-hour cable news and the Internet have ________ the level of political knowledge of most Americans. not increased. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:03:08 GMT view revision history
The tendency to use ideological terms in discussing politics grows with increased education. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:03:08 GMT view revision history
In the presidential elections since 1968, the South has tended to vote for Republican candidates. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:01:27 GMT view revision history
Awareness and understanding of policital issues tends to increase as a persons' level of formal education increases. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:01:27 GMT view revision history
Political socialization continues throughout life. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:01:27 GMT view revision history
In contrast with children in the primary grades, people in high school distinguish between government leaders and institutions. 0 ballfrek885 Tue, 15 Jun 2010 00:01:27 GMT view revision history
A basic political value taught in elementary school is respect for authority. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:59:57 GMT view revision history
________ have (has) as much or more impact on the polical socialization of children as do (does) __________. Schools; family. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:59:57 GMT view revision history
Generally, the first agent of political socialization that people are exposed to is family. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:59:57 GMT view revision history
The amjor agents of early socialization in the U.S. are family, school, community, and peers. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:59:57 GMT view revision history
The process whereby one becomes aware of politics, learns political facts, and forms political values is called political socialization. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:58:10 GMT view revision history
________ have experienced a significant ideological shift in the past 25 years. College Students. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:58:10 GMT view revision history
When the results of pre-election Gallup polls are compared with actual presidential elections results, which of the following is true? Polls are usually within two percentage points of the actual vote. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:58:10 GMT view revision history
The Gallup Poll and most other national polls usually survey about _______ people in a poll. 1500 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:58:10 GMT view revision history
Today, the mass media conducts most polls by telephone. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:56:18 GMT view revision history
The goal of the statistical theory of sampling is to reflect the views of the population with some predictable degree of accuracy. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:56:18 GMT view revision history
Pluralists would argue that govenrment should not always follow public opinion do to the apathy and lack of knowledge of the general public. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:56:18 GMT view revision history
The framers through that the __________ would reflect public opinion, especially on the crucial issues of taxes and government spending. House of Representatives. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:56:18 GMT view revision history
The basice definition of public opinion is the collected attitudes of citizens on a given issue or question. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:54:33 GMT view revision history
The vast majority of executions take place in Texas. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:54:33 GMT view revision history
The authors suggest that support for the death penalty increase in the 1970s because the homicide rate increased. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:54:33 GMT view revision history
In the U.S., the death penalty, consistently receives high levels of support in public opinion polls. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:54:33 GMT view revision history
Today, the United Nations opposed the death penalty in all instances. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:53:18 GMT view revision history
When compared with the U.S. Constitution, most American state constitutions are longer and more detailed. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:53:18 GMT view revision history
The Supreme Court first declared that the courts have the power to overturn government acts that conflict with the Constitution in Marbury v. Madison 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:53:18 GMT view revision history
Since 1787, how many amendments have been added to the Constitution? 17 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:53:18 GMT view revision history
The ________ amendment protects against unreasonable cruel and unusual punishment. Eighth. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:47:55 GMT view revision history
The __________ amendment protects against unreasonable seraches and seizures. Fourth 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:47:55 GMT view revision history
The Bill of Rights consists of the first _______ amendments to the COnstitution. 10 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:47:55 GMT view revision history
The chief obstacle to ratification of the COnstitution by the states was the omission of a bill of rights. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:47:55 GMT view revision history
The Federalist papers were written by "A, B, and D" Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:46:39 GMT view revision history
Supporters of the Constitution named themselves Federalists. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:46:39 GMT view revision history
The text of the Constitution deals with slavery by not mentioning it directly. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:46:39 GMT view revision history
The article of the U.S. constitution establishing the Supreme Court was purposely left vague because the framers were unable to agree on the details of national judiciary. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:46:39 GMT view revision history
The constitutional provision that allows Congress to override the president's vetow is an example of checks and balances. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:44:53 GMT view revision history
Republicanism is a form of government in which power resides in the people and is exercised by their elected representatives. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:44:53 GMT view revision history
Which of the following statemes is INCORRECT? "none of these" The Senate tried President Clinton, The Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court presided over the trial, The Senate did not convict Clinton. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:44:53 GMT view revision history
The Constitution was written in 1787. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:44:53 GMT view revision history
The Articles of Confederation failed because "all of these" they did not provide an effective means fo the government to raise money, did not include an independent leader, did not give the government the power to regulate commerce. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:43:08 GMT view revision history
The Articles jealously guarded state sovereignty. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:43:08 GMT view revision history
The Articles of Confederation took effect more than three years after adoption. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:43:08 GMT view revision history
In forging a new government, the biggest concern of the colonial erevolutionaries was limiting its powers. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:43:08 GMT view revision history
A republic is a government resting on the consent of the governed. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:41:11 GMT view revision history
By signing the Declaration of Independence, the rebels committed an act of treason. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:41:11 GMT view revision history
A result of the Second Continental Congress was the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:41:11 GMT view revision history
The "unalienalbe rights" identified by the Declaration of Independence are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:41:11 GMT view revision history
The Declaration of Independence was based on input form many people, but its primary author was Thomas Jefferson. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:39:51 GMT view revision history
When Nixon resigned, Gerald Forde became the nation's first ________ president. unelected. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:39:51 GMT view revision history
The goal of the First continental Congress was to restore harmony between Britain and the colonies. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:39:51 GMT view revision history
Which of the following might very well explain the durability of any given constitution? "all of these" Creation by an open participatory process, specificity, flexibility through amendment, flexibbility through interpretation. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:39:51 GMT view revision history
One interesting feature of the U.S. Constitution is that it is the oldest operating constitution in the world. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:38:07 GMT view revision history
The authors suggest that the U.S. fulfills the ________ model quite well pluralist 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:38:07 GMT view revision history
Countries that fail to adequately develop democratic procedures and norms often fall into authoritarianism 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:38:06 GMT view revision history
Those who support elite theory claim that the U.S. is governed by a relatively small class of people whose power is based on control of wealth and corporations. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:38:06 GMT view revision history
The idea that the most important government decisions are made by an identifiable and stable minority that shares certain characteristics is called elite theory. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:36:16 GMT view revision history
The division of authority in the U.S. Constitution among competing branches and levels of government has encouraged the deveopment of pluralism. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:36:16 GMT view revision history
The concept of pluralism rests on the premise that modern society consists of many groups that share economic, religious, ethnic, and cultural interests. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:36:16 GMT view revision history
An alleged weakness of the majoritarian dmocratic model is its reliance onthe American public to be knowledgeable and participatory. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:36:16 GMT view revision history
Althrough they are instruments of majoritarian democracy, iniiatives are often sponsored by interest groups. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:33:05 GMT view revision history
A citizens' group gathers enough signatures on a petition to force a popular vote on a statewide lottery proposal. This proposal would represent a(n) initiative. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:33:05 GMT view revision history
A referendum is best described as a(n) election on a policy issue. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:33:05 GMT view revision history
The American system allows for the will of the majority to be blocked by the Constitution as interpreted by the Supreme Court. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:33:05 GMT view revision history
Compared with citizens in other nations, Americans are _____ to think jobs are incomes for the unemployed are a "right." much less likely. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:31:07 GMT view revision history
For the U.S., the core substantive principles of democracy are embedded in the Bill of Rights and otehr amendments to the Constitution. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:31:07 GMT view revision history
The principle of responsiveness requires that legislators follow the general contours of public opinion. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:31:07 GMT view revision history
Why do most democracies give power to representatives rather than directly to citizens? "all of these" Bringing large numbers of citizens together for discussions and votes is difficult, decisions may require specialized knowledge, discussion of policital issues takes more time than most people are willing to spend. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:31:07 GMT view revision history
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that true democracy requires people to make their own decisions. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:28:48 GMT view revision history
In Athens, _________ were excluded from participation in assemblies. A, B and C women, slaves, those who were new to the area 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:28:48 GMT view revision history
The procedural view of deomocracy is most concerned with how government decisions aree made. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:28:48 GMT view revision history
In a typical survey, one would expect ________ Americans to support the notion that the U.S. should promote democracy to other contries as a foreign policy goal. well less than half of. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:28:48 GMT view revision history
The Greek word kratos, one of the roots of the word democracy, means power. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:26:29 GMT view revision history
The Greek word demos, which is the root of the term democracy, means common people. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:26:29 GMT view revision history
Althrough many contries openly advocate "rule by the people," much disagreement remains over how "the people" is defined, and how those individuals should rule. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:26:29 GMT view revision history
An autocracy is a political system ruled by one individual. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:26:29 GMT view revision history
The ancient Greeks classified governments as autocracies, oligarchies, or democracies based on the number of citizens involved in governing. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:25:02 GMT view revision history
People often seem inconsistent in their political beliefes because of their lack of political knowledge. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:25:02 GMT view revision history
Conservatives are more likely to support "all of these" smaller government budgets, free enterprise, less regulation of business. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:25:02 GMT view revision history
Liberatls are more likely to favor generous government support for "all of these" education, wildlife protections, public transportation 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:25:02 GMT view revision history
A libertarian is likely to believe "all of these." laws should not define the minimum drinking age, marijuana should not be criminalized, helping the needy should be a matter of personal choice. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:23:08 GMT view revision history
Capitalism is best described as a(n) economic system in which production and property are priately owned, with a minimum of government interference. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:23:08 GMT view revision history
A person who favors government ownership of some basic industries and a strong government role in directing the economy would best be labeled a Socialist. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:23:08 GMT view revision history
An example of a totatlitarian government is the government of Nazi Germany. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:23:08 GMT view revision history
In a totalitarian regime, there is a general desire for the government to control "all of these" business, labor, education, religion. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:21:10 GMT view revision history
The Americans with Disabilites Act (1990) was intended to prohibit discrimination in "all of these" employment, public services, accomodations. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:21:10 GMT view revision history
An underlying assumption of the text is that perfect freedom, order, and equality can never be achieved because these three values are inherently in conflict and cannot be provided simultaneously. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:21:10 GMT view revision history
Government's "original dilemma" is how best to balance freedom and order. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:21:10 GMT view revision history
Everyone in the U.S. is entitled to protection from unreasonable searches and seizures. This is an exmample of a right. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:18:58 GMT view revision history
When one person has the same chance to succeed in life as another, this is called equality of opportunity. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:18:58 GMT view revision history
Each citizen having one vote demonstrates political equality. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:18:58 GMT view revision history
Most government tend to be conservative in that they resist social change. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:18:58 GMT view revision history
Government's authority to maintain order is known as its ___________ power. Police. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:17:37 GMT view revision history
Which of the following concepts became a major objective of government after industrializations and urbanization? Equality. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:17:37 GMT view revision history
Public goods can best be described as benefits and services provided by government to benefit all citizens. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:17:37 GMT view revision history
In communist political systems, property is held by the state in the name of the people. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:17:37 GMT view revision history
Which political philosopher inspired the phrase, "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" in the Declaration of Independence? John Locke. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:16:06 GMT view revision history
Thomas Hobbes supported a strong central government because he believed that only a strong govenment could restrain people's selfish, animal instincts. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:16:06 GMT view revision history
The oldest objective of government is maintaining order. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:16:06 GMT view revision history
There is a concerted campaign across Europe to force the U.S. to terminate capital punishment. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:16:06 GMT view revision history
International organizations such as the League of Nations and the United Nations explicitly respected national sovereignty as a guiding principle. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:14:24 GMT view revision history
The broad, basic definition of government given by the text is: legitimate use of force within specified geographic boundaries to control human behavior. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:14:24 GMT view revision history
Government policies pose dilemmas because they usually lead to difficult choices among conflicting values. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:14:24 GMT view revision history
When the authors say that we live in an era of "globalization," they mean that citizens and nations are increasingly interdependent. 0 ballfrek885 Mon, 14 Jun 2010 23:14:24 GMT view revision history

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