Sociology Test 4 Flash Cards

 
log in to manage your card piles
front back revisions lasted changed by history
Environmental racism The belief that a disproportionate number of hazardous facilities (including industries such as waste disposal/treament and chemical plants) are placed in low-income areas populated primarily by people of color. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:56:56 GMT view revision history
Frame bridging, frame amplification, frame extension, frame transformation. Know the types of framing. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:56:56 GMT view revision history
Reform, revolutionary, religious, alternative, resistance. Know the types of social movement. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:46:07 GMT view revision history
Results in gloval environmental problems, ranging from global warming and rain-forest destruction to famine and vulnerability to epidemics. Neo-Malthusians argue that overpopulations results in what? 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:46:07 GMT view revision history
Crude birth rate- the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a given year. What is the basic measurement of fertility? 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:46:07 GMT view revision history
Public and private insurers Know what a third party provider program is. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:46:07 GMT view revision history
HIV is transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse witn an infected partner, by sharing a contaminated hypodermic needle with someone who is infected, by exposure to blood or blood products, and by an infected woman who passes the virus on to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast feeding How is HIV transmitted? 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:30:09 GMT view revision history
Confucius: Ruler-subject, husband-wife, elder brother-younger brother, elder friend-junior friend, and father-son. Know the 5 constant relationships. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:30:09 GMT view revision history
Providing meaning and purpose to life, Promoting social cohesion and a sense of belonging, and providing social control and support for the government. Know the functions of religion. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:30:09 GMT view revision history
It consists of a variety of elements, including beliefs about the sacred or supernatural, rituals, and social organization of believvers drawn together by their common religious tradition. Know the 3 elements all religions share. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 01:30:09 GMT view revision history
Restricting some activites, Matchmaking and production of social networks, Creation of a generation gap. Latent functions of education. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:55:51 GMT view revision history
Socialization, Transmission of Culture, Social control, Social placement, Change and innovation Manifest functions of education. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:55:51 GMT view revision history
Germany Who urged ethics, obedience, and duty was well as reading, writing, and arithmetic? 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:55:51 GMT view revision history
Horace Mann Stated that education should be the "great equalizer." 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:55:51 GMT view revision history
New Social Movement Theory Looks at a divers array of collective actions and the manner in which those actions are based in politics, ideology, and culture. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:47:02 GMT view revision history
Frame Bridging The process by which movement organizations reach individuals who already share the same world view as the organization. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:47:02 GMT view revision history
Frame Alignment The linking together of interpretive orientations of individuals and social movement organizations so that there is congruence between individuals' interest, beliefs, and values and the movenment's ideologies, goals, and activities. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:47:02 GMT view revision history
Social Constuctionist Theory Based on the assumption that a social movement is an interactive, symbolically defined, and negotiated process that involves participants, opponents, and bystanders. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:47:02 GMT view revision history
Resorce Mobilization Theory Focuses on the ability of members of a social movement to acquire resources and mobilize peopple in order to advance their cause. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:42:42 GMT view revision history
Relative Deprivation Theory People who are satisfied with their present condition are less likely to seek social change. Refers to the discontent that people may feel when they compare their achievements with those of simiarly situated persons and find that they have less than they think they deserve. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:42:42 GMT view revision history
Social Movement An organized group that acts consciously to promote or resist change through collective action 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:42:42 GMT view revision history
Propaganda Information provided by individuals or groups that have a vested interest in furthering their own cause or damaging an opposing one. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:42:42 GMT view revision history
Public Opinion Consists of the attitudes and beliefs communicated by ordinary citizens to decision makers. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:39:35 GMT view revision history
Mass hysteria A form of dispersed colective behavior that occurs when a large number of people eact with strong emotions and self-destructive behavior to a real or perceived threat. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:39:35 GMT view revision history
Urbanism Refers to the distinctive social and psychological patterns of life typically found in the city. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:39:35 GMT view revision history
Use Value The utility of space, land, and buildings for everyday life, family life, and neighborhood life. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:39:34 GMT view revision history
Multiple Nuclei Model Developed by urban ecologists Harrs and ullman, cities do not have one center from whcih all growth radiates, but rather have numerous centers of development based on specific urban needs or activites. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:28:03 GMT view revision history
Invasion The process by which a new category of people or type of land use arrives in an area previously occupied by another group or type of land use. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:28:03 GMT view revision history
Metropolis One or more cetnral cities and their surrounding suburbs that dominate the economic and cultural life of a region. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:28:03 GMT view revision history
City According to Gideon Sjoberg, three preconditions must be present in order foor a city to develop: Favorable physical environment, an advanced technology, a well developed social organization. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:28:03 GMT view revision history
Institutional Theory Suggests that migration may be fostered by groups-such as humanitarian aid organizations relocating refugees or smugglers bringing people into a country illegally-and that the actions of these groups may produce a larger stream of migrants than would otherwise be the case. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:22:33 GMT view revision history
Zero Population Growth The point at which no population increase occurs from year to year. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:22:33 GMT view revision history
Capital Shortage Refers to the lack of adequate money or property to maintain a business; it is a problem beause the physical captial of hte past no longer meets the needs of modern economic development. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:22:33 GMT view revision history
Population pyramids A graphic representation of the distribution of a population by sex and age. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:22:33 GMT view revision history
Sex ratio. The number of males for every hundred females in a given population. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:18:24 GMT view revision history
Involuntary Migration Usually occurs as a result of political oppression, such as when Jews fled Nazi Germany in the 1930s or when Afghans left their country to escape oppression there in the early 2000s. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:18:24 GMT view revision history
Density. The number of people living in a specific geographic area. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:18:24 GMT view revision history
Migration The movement of people from one geographic area to another for the purpose of changing residency. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:18:24 GMT view revision history
Mortality The incidence of death in a population. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:14:22 GMT view revision history
Fecundity The potential number of children who could be born if every woman reproduced at her maximum biological capacity. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:14:22 GMT view revision history
Population A group of people who live in a specified geographic area. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:14:22 GMT view revision history
Demography A subfield or sociology that examines population size, composition, and distribution. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:14:22 GMT view revision history
Mental Illness A condition in which a person has a severe mental disorder requiring extensive treatment with medication, psychotherapy, and sometimes hospitalization. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:10:37 GMT view revision history
Medical-Industrial Complex Encompases both local physicians and hospitals as well as global health-related industries such as insurance companies and pharmaceutical and medical supply companies. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:10:37 GMT view revision history
Living wills. A document stating the person's wishes regarding the medical circumstances under which his or her life should be terminated. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:10:37 GMT view revision history
Street Doctors These individuals had little formal training and worked under the supervision of trained physicians. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:10:37 GMT view revision history
Managed Care Any system of cost containment that closely monitors and controls health care providers' decisions about medical procedures, diagnostic tests, and other services that should be provided to patients. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
HMOs, Health Maintenance Organizations Provide, for a set monthly fee, total care with an emphasis on prevention to avoid costly treament later. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Medicare A program for persons age 65 or older who are covered by Social Security or who are eligible and "buy into" the program by paying a monthly premium. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Fee for Service Patients are billed individually for each service they receive, including treatment by doctors, laboratory work, hospital visits, prescriptions, and other health-related expenses. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Therapeutic Drug Use Occurs when a person takes a drug for a specific purpose such as reducing a fever or controlling a cough. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Drug Any substance-other than food or water-that, when taken into the body, alters its functioning in some way. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Acute Diseases Illnesses that strike suddenly and cause dramatic incapacitation and sometimes death. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Chronic Disease Illnesses that are long term or lifelong and that develop gradually or are present from birth. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:06:09 GMT view revision history
Disease agents. Include biological agents such as insects, bacteria, and viruses that carry or cause disease; nutrient agents such as fats and carbohydrates; chemical agents such as gases and pollutants in the air; and physical agents such as temperature, humidty, and radiation. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:00:23 GMT view revision history
Social Epidemiology The study of the causes and distribution of health, disease, and impairment throughout a population. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:00:23 GMT view revision history
Infant Mortality Rate The number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births in a given year. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:00:23 GMT view revision history
Medicine An institutionalized system for the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness. 0 ballfrek885 Thu, 29 Apr 2010 00:00:23 GMT view revision history
Health Care Any activity intednded to improve health. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:57:46 GMT view revision history
Health A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:57:46 GMT view revision history
Qur'an The holy book of the Muslims. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:57:46 GMT view revision history
Analects Taught that people must learn the importance of order in human relationships and must follow a strict code of moral conduct, including respct for others, benevolence, and reiprocity.
Confucianism
0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:57:46 GMT view revision history
Protestant Ethic Those who have faith, perform good works, and achieve economic success are more likely to be among the chosen of God. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:52:45 GMT view revision history
Predestination The belief that even before they are born, all people are divided into two groups, the saved and the damned, and only God knows who will go to heaven and who will go to hell. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:52:45 GMT view revision history
Civil Religion The set beliefs, rituals, and symbols that makes sacred the values of the society and places the nation in the context of the ultimate system of meaning. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:52:45 GMT view revision history
Secularization The process by which religious beliefs, practices, and institutions lose their significance in sectors of society and culture. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:52:45 GMT view revision history
Polytheism A belief in more than one god. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:46:30 GMT view revision history
Rituals Regularly repeated and carefully prescribed forms of behaviors that symbolize a cherished value or belief. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:46:30 GMT view revision history
Profane The everyday, secular ("worldly") aspects of life 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:46:30 GMT view revision history
Sacred Refers to those aspects of life that are extraordinary or supernatural 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:46:30 GMT view revision history
Religion. A system of beliefs and practices (rituals)--based on some sacred or supernatural realm--that guids human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a single moral community. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:44:16 GMT view revision history
Magnet Schools Offer a specialized curriculum that focuses on areas such as science, music, or art, and enroll high-achieving students from other neighborhoods. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:44:16 GMT view revision history
McUniversity Can be thought of as a means of educational consumption that allows students to consume educational services and eventually obtain "goods" such as degrees and credentials. George Ritzer. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:44:16 GMT view revision history
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy An unsubstantiated belief or predicition resulting in behavior that makes the originally false belief come true. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:44:16 GMT view revision history
Ccrdentialism A process of social selection in which class advantage and social status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:37:32 GMT view revision history
Hidden Curriculum The transmission of cultural values and attitudes, such as conformity and obedience to authority, through implied demands found in the rules, routines, and regulations of schools. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:37:32 GMT view revision history
Tracking Refers to the practice of assigning students to specific curriculum groups and courses on the basis of their test scores, previous grades, or other criteria. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:37:32 GMT view revision history
Cultural Capital Social assets that include values, beliefs, attitudes, and competencies in language and culture. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:37:32 GMT view revision history
Mass Education Refers to providing free, public schoolig for wide segments of a nation's population. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:26:36 GMT view revision history
Informal Education Learning that occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:26:36 GMT view revision history
Cultural Transmission The process by which children and recent immigrants become acquainted with the dominant cultural beliefs, values, norms and accumulated knowledge of a society. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:26:36 GMT view revision history
Education The social institution responsible for the systematic transmission of knowledge, skills, and cultural values within a formally organized structure. 0 ballfrek885 Wed, 28 Apr 2010 23:26:36 GMT view revision history

Study Now
View Users (1)