Urinary System Flash Cards

 
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The ____ _____ sphincter is made up of ____ mm, and contracts in response to _______ stimulation. Internal Urethral
Smooth
Sympathic (involuntary)
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A triangular region of the bladder is the __________. It includes the 2 ureters and the urethra. Trigone 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
Kidney damage can cause ________ or (the excretion of protein in the urine. Albuminuria
Albumin-uria
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The ____ ion that creates an osmotic and electrical gradient that drive the __________ of water and other solutes. Sodium (NA+)
Reabsorption
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_______ Is secreted in response to Hypertension. It causes the kidneys to eliminate NA+ and water which lowers BP. Atrial natriuretic peptide (factor)
(ANP)
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Glomerular filtrate most resembles: Plasma...except it contains very little protein (albumin) 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
There is 1 efferent and afferant arteriol for each nephron.
The afferant arteriol feeds ____ the _________ and the efferent arteriol drains it.
Into
Glomerulus
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The blood vessels of the Renal medulla that run along side the nephron loops are called what? Vasa Recta 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
The Glomerulus contains very little Albumin (protein) during _________ because of its' basement membrane. Glomerular filtration 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
The Nephron consists of: 1. The Glomerulus and Glomerular capsule (Renal Corpusle)
2. PROXIMAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
3. NEPHRON LOOP
4. DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
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What is a functional unit of the kidney? Nephron 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
The Renal Corpuscle consists of what 2 features? Glomerulus and the
Glomerular capsule
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The afferent arterioles of the kidney leads to a ball of capillaries called a _______. Glomerulus 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
The kidneys are connected to the parietal peritenium by the: ____ ______. Renal Faccia 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
the Right Kidney is more inferior because of the space occupied by the __________directly above it. Liver 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
The Kidneys are located at the ___ and _____ levels T12-L3 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
The kidneys add a _________ group to the hormone caleidiol, converting it to Vitamin D and contributes to calcium homeostatis. Hydroxyl 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
_________ is the most abundant nitrogenous waste in the blood and is a combo of _____ & _______. Urea
ammonia and Carbon Dioxide.
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When the kidneys secrete Renin and ______________ it stimulates RBC production. Erythropoietin 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 21:07:04 GMT view revision history
when the kidneys secreate ______ it stimulates the formation of ______________ which increases BP. Renin
Angiotension one (1)
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