Lymphatic & Immune System Flash Cards

 
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A RENAL Corpuscle is made up of: Glomerulus (ball of capillaries)
Glomerulus capsule
0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:13:08 GMT view revision history
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) contains the enzyme _____ _________ that stimulates the host cells to produce RNA. Reverse Transciptase 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:13:08 GMT view revision history
Cardinal signs of inflammation: Redness
swelling
Heat
Pain
0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:13:08 GMT view revision history
An autoimmune disease (AID) in which antibodies damage the capillaries of the kidneys ACUTE Glomerulonephritis 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:13:08 GMT view revision history
Anaphylaxis is a reaction & is not an ___________ disease or disorder autoimmune 0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:13:08 GMT view revision history
Hyperenemia can be stimulated by: Histamine
Bradykinin
Leukotrienes
0 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:13:08 GMT view revision history
Increase of blood flow to the skin or body part is called:_______.
Example: redness of the skin after a sunburn.
Hyper-enemia. 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Antibodies belong to a class of plasma proteins called: Gloubins 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
The first time a person is exposed to an antigen, the plasma cells produce ___ upon later exposures they produce IgG. IgM; (Immuniogloubin M) 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Antibody molecules consist of anywhere from 2-10+ _______ chains, depending on which class of antibody is considered. polypeptide 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Lymphocytes that are similar to T-cells but recognize and destroy tumors in a non-specific fashion without requiring prior exposure to tumor antigens. Natural Killer (NK) cells 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Name four (4) functions of a Helper T-Cell: 1. Recognize an antigen complex
2. Secrete interlukins
3. Attract macrophages
4. Stimulate T & B cell mitosis and maturation
0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Chemical messengers between leukocytes. Interleukins 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
The main antigen presenting cells in the body are _______ because they display fragments of phagocytized material to alert the T-cell of the immune system MACROPHAGES 1 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 18:32:44 GMT view revision history
The formed elements most directly responsible for humoral immunity are the: B-Lymphocytes AKA (B-Cells) 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
_______ or (antibody-mediated) immunity involves antibodies that do not directly destroy a pathogen, but tag them for destruction. Humoral 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Complex proteins that are I.D. tags which label every cell of your body as belonging to you. Major HISTOcompatibility (MHC) proteins 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
when neutrophils and macrophages phagocytize bacteria, they secrete ______ ___ which acts as a pyrogen which is a fever producing agent. Interleukin one (1) 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Prevents pathogens from spreading from an infected area. Fibrin 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
A protein of a T-Cell that punches a hole in the plasma membrane of a cell such as cancer cells. Perforin 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
CYTOTOXIC T-cells are the only T lymphocytes that directly attack and kill other cells. List one of the ways Secretion of Perforin (protein) 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
cell-mediated) immunity is a form of specific defense in which __ __________directly attack and destroy diseased or foreign cells; T lymphcytes 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Before a "B" lympocyte can secrete antibodies, it must be transformed into a ____ cell. Plasma 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Name the 4 substances that BASOPHILS secrete when inflammation is present. 1. Histamine (vaso-dilator)
2. Seratonin(vaso-dilator)
3. Bradykinin
4. Heparin (anti coagulant)
0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:51 GMT view revision history
Tapeworms, hookworms and other paracites too large to phagocytize are attacked mainly by these leukocytes. Eosinophils 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:50 GMT view revision history
NEUTROPHILS are highly mobile WBD's that spend most of their lives by killing bacteria by : Phagocytosis and
respiratory bursts
0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:50 GMT view revision history
During margination, leukocytes squeeze through the spaces between the endothelial cells into the intercellur fluid by: Diapedesis 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:50 GMT view revision history
In the area of injury, endothelial cells produce cell-adhesion molecules called SELECTINS, which make their membranes sticky and snag leukocytes, This is a process called ______. margination 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 10:57:50 GMT view revision history
Which Gland is very large in a fetus and infant and after age 14 begins to shrink in a process called Involution. Thymus.

note; The pineal gland also shrink after puberty.
0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 09:59:43 GMT view revision history
The largest and most commonly removed tonsils during a tonsilectomy. Palatine tonsils 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 09:59:43 GMT view revision history
Immuno-competent is:
1. when T-cells are capable of recognizing antigens presented to them by_____________.
2. when Lymphocytes have developed surface receptors for a particular antigen. (memory)
(APC's) Antigen producing cells
These can be;
macrophages
B-cells
dendritic and reticular cells
1 LAPhillips Thu, 10 Dec 2009 19:29:29 GMT view revision history
T-Cells become ____-_____ during their stay in the THYMUS. Immuno-competent 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 09:59:43 GMT view revision history
The ____ ____ converge to form the Right lymphatic and thoracic ducts which drain into the subclavian veins. Lymphatic Trunks 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 09:59:43 GMT view revision history
Special lymphatic vessels that absorb dietary lipids that can't be absorbed into the capilaries. Lacteals 0 LAPhillips Wed, 09 Dec 2009 09:59:43 GMT view revision history

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